Art comes in different forms and shapes all over the world. Some of the commonly used mediums and techniques have been explained below:Oil
This particular medium can capture the details along with the play of light and dark. However, it can take up 9 months to completely dry and sometimes even years for heavy textured oil paintings. Oil paints have been used since the fifth century in Asia. It was brought to Europe by the olden traders around the fifteenth century. Oil was often favored by old masters like Leonardo Da Vinci, Francisco Goya and Rembrandt Van Rijn.
Watercolor was used as a medium as early on as the fifth century in Asia on fine silk as well as woven paper. They were introduced to Europe around the 15th century by traders and were picked up by French Impressionists. The ground pigments are mixed with the water soluble binders to create the watercolor paint, to give it that rich hue and color.
Acrylic paints entered the art industry in the 1950s. These paints are water soluble while being applied, yet water-resistant after they have dried. This became popular with advertising and with graphic designing. The rich, glossy finish offered by acrylic paints is favored by most magazines.
- Dye Sublimation
Dye sublimation is one of the recent innovative mediums that have entered the art world. It consists of the digital printing process, where the imagery is transferred onto different materials like metal or plastic or glass. This process is actually based on the scientific process of sublimation wherein any substance transforms from a solid to a gas by skipping the liquid stage. This way the original image is turned into a digital matrix and then the artists gets to have control over the colors and the final look of the image.
Read Also : Post-Impressionism Vs Impressionism