Vincent Willem Van Gogh was born in 1853 and went on to become a post-impressionist artist who had a brilliant eye for color, emotion and beauty. However, he struggled with poverty and mental illness throughout his short life. He died at the young age of 37 from a self-inflicted gunshot wound. In this short lifespan, he managed to complete over 2100 artworks of which 860 were oil paintings and 1300 watercolors, sketches and drawings.

The paintings by Vincent Van Gogh are considered to be the most expensive in the world according to famous art critics. His “Irises” was sold for a record amount of $53.9 million dollars, and his “Portrait of Dr. Gachet” was sold for $82.5 million dollars. Let’s take a look at some h his other famous paintings:

  • The Starry Night

This was painted by Vincent Van Gogh in the year 1889. The oil painting depicts the night sky in a swirling visual looming above a sleeping village. This painting is currently at the Museum of Modern Art in New York.

  • Sunflowers

Vincent Van Gogh painted two series of sunflowers. These oil paintings depict yellow sunflowers wilting in a vase. These paintings are prominently displayed in museums in London, Tokyo, Amsterdam, Philadelphia and Munich.

  • Self-Portraits

In the short period that Van Gogh devoted to painting, he managed to create more than forty three self-portraits in the form of paintings and drawings. These are now displayed at different art museums all over the world.

It was in the year of 1880, at the age of 27 that Vincent Van Gogh decided to try his hand at becoming an artist. He had no formal art training but tried to make up for it by studying books like Cours de dessin by Charles Bargue and Travaux des champs by Jean-François Millet on his own. Pretty soon he created his own unique style of painting that is tried to be recreated by plenty of struggling artists today.

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Art has gone through a lot of movements to produce several beautiful works of art by different artists over the centuries. Each movement has played a role in shaping art to what is it today.

  • Post Impressionism

The artists Paul Cezanne, Vincent Van Gogh and Georges Seurat, created several works during this period. They retained several techniques of Impressionism and included vibrant colors, self-expressionism and varying perceptions to make the viewers of the paintings try to work out what it means, rather than simply observe them.

  • Fauvism

This was pioneered by Henri Matisse by instilling a heightened sense of feelings into the paintings. Blatant and crude brushstrokes were often used along with bright colors straight from their tubes. It had a sense of raw feeling t it, which surprised most viewers.

  • Cubism

Picasso was a pioneer for the Cubism movement. Even though Georges Braque was the leader of the movement, he worked with Picasso so well that sometimes their paintings are indistinguishable from one another at times. Cubism managed to create a lasting impression on many upcoming sculptors and architects of the period.

  • Futurism

This was a very controversial movement as humans were made similar to machines and vice versa. This movement was not only limited to paintings and got extended to influence sculptors, writers, painters and architects as well.

  • Vorticism

This English art movement originated in London and followed the same path as Futurism. It started just before World War I. It was founded by the celebrated painter Wyndham Lewis and the famous poet, Ezra Pound.

  • Constructivism

This particular art movement came about at the end of the October Revolution in Russia. Vladimir Tatlin is credited with starting this art movement and influencing other like minded artists of the period. Interestingly, this period saw more art creations in the form of sculptures, architecture, fashion, ceramics, etc.

The art world like any other industry has its own set of words and terms that are used to describe different things. Let’s take a look at some of the popular terms used:

  • Medium

Any material used by artists to create their art is called medium. A single piece of art can have more than one medium, depending on the artist’s flight of fancy. Most galleries display the medium information of the paintings next to it like “oil on canvas” or “tempera on wood” etc.

  • Canvas

A canvas is usually a strong woven piece of cloth that artists usually paint on. These days canvas can be bought at stores easily. In the earlier days, the artists used to create their own canvases.

  • Sculpture

This is a kind of 3 dimensional art made either by carving or modelling or casting or construction. Several famous pieces of sculptures have been created by the old masters using the carving method.

  • Wood Engraving

This unique form of creating art involves a printing method, where the line is burnt into the woodblock by focusing a heating tool. This has become rather popular in the last couple of years, with plenty of amateurs and new artists picking it up.